According to Title 37 U.S.C. 303a(e) it appears such a debt will be dischargeable in bankruptcy if 5 years have passed since the date of the termination of the bonus agreement or contract on which the debt is based. Also, if there was no agreement but five years have passed since the date of termination of the service on which the debt is based, it may be dischargeable. Therefore, if the government is trying to collect on a overpaid military enlistment bonus and it has been five years, a bankruptcy may benefit you. Seek good legal counsel to determine your options.